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A Beginner's Guide to Crypto Trading Strategies

This guide by Alvatix is crafted to serve as an entry point for newcomers into the universe of crypto trading.

Crypto Trading Strategies

Table of Contents

Crypto trading has captured the attention of a diverse group, offering a unique blend of digital innovation, opportunities, and challenges.

This guide by Alvatix is crafted to serve as an entry point for newcomers into the universe of crypto trading. Its purpose is to not only introduce but also empower individuals with the essential knowledge necessary to navigate this dynamic landscape successfully.

1. Introduction to Crypto Trading

Crypto trading is a fascinating world where you can buy, sell, and trade digital currencies like Bitcoin and others. It's known for its 24/7 operation, price fluctuations, and various strategies to make money, whether you're in it for the short-term or long-term.

The digital age has transformed finance, making transactions faster, borders less important, and assets more accessible. Cryptocurrencies: Bitcoins and altcoins, have gained immense popularity. Beyond being digital money, they've opened up new opportunities for trading, investing, and making money.

What makes crypto trading special are its continuous operation and price swings. This guide is your starting point to explore different crypto trading strategies, whether you want to trade frequently or hold onto assets for the long haul.

Our journey begins by explaining the basics of crypto trading, from understanding common terms to the fundamental principles of the market. We'll also dive into specific strategies and explore ways to trade in the short term, such as crypto day trading and scalping.

If you prefer a longer-term approach, we've got strategies like crypto swing trading, HODLing (a term for holding onto your assets), and dollar-cost averaging (DCA). We'll also introduce you to interesting methods like crypto basket trading and index investing for diversified portfolios.

Additionally, we'll discuss other crypto trading styles like paper trading (a way to practice without real money), trend following, momentum trading, and how prop firms trade in crypto.

In this ever-changing world of finance, knowledge is your best friend. Let's start this journey into the world of crypto trading, where digital innovation meets the art of investing. Whether you're new to this or looking to improve your skills, this guide is here to help you on your crypto trading adventure.

2. Basics of Crypto Trading

Now, let's dive into the basics of crypto trading, which will give you a solid foundation for your journey.

Spot Trading Crypto

Spot trading crypto is like the "here and now" of crypto trading. It's when you directly purchase or sell a cryptocurrency at the current market price. Imagine it as going to a store and buying something with cash - you get it right away.


Immediate ownership: When you buy a cryptocurrency through spot trading, you own it instantly. There's no waiting around or complicated processes.

No expiration date: You don't have to worry about contracts or specific timeframes. You can hold onto your crypto for as long as you want.


Requires full upfront payment: To buy a cryptocurrency through spot trading, you need to pay the full amount upfront. It's like paying with cash; there's no borrowing or credit involved.

Futures Trading Crypto

Futures trading takes a different approach. It involves entering into a contract to buy or sell a specific cryptocurrency at a predetermined price on a set future date. It's like making a bet on where you think the price will go.


Leverage allows for potentially higher profit: With futures trading, you can use leverage, which means you can control a larger position with a relatively smaller amount of capital. This can magnify your gains if the market moves in your favor.


Complex and can lead to significant losses: Futures trading can be challenging to understand, especially for beginners. It involves dealing with contracts, margins, and the potential for high leverage. While leverage can amplify profits, it can also lead to substantial losses, so caution is essential.

Understanding these two basic forms of crypto trading, spot, and futures, is crucial as you explore different trading strategies. Whether you choose immediate ownership through spot trading or want to speculate on future prices with futures trading, your decision should align with your risk tolerance and investment goals.

3. Short-Term Crypto Trading Strategies

Day Trading Crypto

Day trading is all about quick moves. Traders utilize this strategy to capitalize on intraday price movements. For example, if Bitcoin starts at $35,000 in the morning and hits $36,500 by noon, a day trader would aim to capitalize on this $1,500 price difference.

These traders often make multiple trades in a day, buying low and selling high or shorting high and covering low to profit from price movements. Day traders need to closely monitor the markets, as positions are usually closed by the end of the trading day. This strategy requires a keen understanding of technical analysis, chart patterns, and market indicators.

Scalp Trading Crypto

Scalp trading is an even shorter-term strategy where traders aim to profit from tiny price gaps or spreads. Scalpers often make dozens or even hundreds of trades in a single day, holding positions for just seconds or minutes. This gives traders multiple opportunities daily and limited exposure to market downturns.

The goal is to accumulate small gains from each trade, which can add up to significant profits over time. Scalping requires lightning-fast execution, a deep understanding of market microstructure, and the ability to make split-second decisions. It’s an intense, demanding strategy with high transaction fees due to numerous trades.

High-Frequency Crypto Trading (HFT)

High-frequency trading takes algorithmic trading to the extreme, with computers executing an enormous number of orders in fractions of a second. HFT strategies often involve arbitrage (more about that later), market-making, and statistical arbitrage.

Traders in this space use sophisticated algorithms and high-speed data feeds to identify and exploit tiny price discrepancies across multiple markets. While HFT can be highly profitable, it also comes with significant technological and regulatory challenges.

Crypto Range Trading

Range trading is a strategy that thrives in markets with limited price movement. Traders identify a specific range within which a cryptocurrency is trading and aim to buy at the lower boundary and sell at the upper boundary of this range.

This strategy assumes that the cryptocurrency's price will remain within the established range. However, if a breakout occurs and the price moves beyond the range, range traders may incur losses.

Crypto Arbitrage Trading

Exploiting price differences for the same cryptocurrency on different exchanges. If Bitcoin is $35,000 on Exchange A and $35,300 on Exchange B, traders can buy on A, sell on B, and pocket the difference.

Arbitrage can be risk-free when executed correctly, as it capitalizes on inefficiencies in the market. However, traders need to consider factors like trading fees, withdrawal times, and market liquidity to successfully execute arbitrage trades.

4. Medium to Long-Term Crypto Trading Strategies

Crypto Swing Trading

Crypto swing trading aims to capture gains in a financial asset over a period ranging from a few days to several weeks, combining elements of both fundamental and technical analysis. It offers the advantage of not requiring constant monitoring, allowing traders to take a more relaxed approach.

Additionally, crypto swing trading has the potential for significant gains over weeks. However, it's important to note that swing traders can be vulnerable to severe market downturns, and successful swing trading demands a deep understanding of market signals, making it a strategy that requires expertise.

HODLing Crypto

HODLing, derived from a misspelling of "hold," is essentially a long-term investment strategy based on the belief that, over time, the price of a cryptocurrency will increase despite short-term market fluctuations.

HODLing crypto requires minimal effort and is suitable for those who prefer a hands-off approach to investing. The potential for significant long-term gains exists. However, HODLing has the drawback of tying up capital, limiting liquidity, and potentially causing investors to miss short-term trading opportunities.

DCA and Crypto DCA Bots

Dollar Cost Averaging (DCA) involves regularly purchasing a fixed dollar amount of a cryptocurrency, regardless of its price fluctuations, and Crypto DCA bots automate this process.

DCA reduces the impact of volatility and offers a simple and consistent approach. However, it might result in a higher average purchase price during a bear market, which is a potential downside.

Crypto Basket Trading

Crypto-basket trading involves diversifying investments across multiple cryptocurrencies instead of concentrating them on a single asset. It offers risk diversification benefits, reducing the risk associated with the performance of a single asset.

Traders can potentially capture gains from multiple assets. Nevertheless, managing a diversified portfolio requires regular monitoring of each cryptocurrency, which can be time-consuming, and there's the potential for diluting gains when spreading investments across multiple assets.

Crypto Index Investing

Similar to crypto basket trading, index investing involves holding a diversified portfolio of cryptocurrencies that mirrors a specific index, such as the top 10 by market cap.

This strategy offers broad exposure to the cryptocurrency market, reducing risk through diversification. However, it typically incurs management fees and may not yield the same explosive gains as concentrated investments in individual cryptocurrencies.

5. Other Types of Crypto Trading

Crypto Paper Trading

Crypto paper trading is a risk-free method that allows traders to practice and test their strategies in a simulated environment, similar to a sandbox game for trading. It offers the advantage of providing a no-risk platform for learning and refining trading techniques.

Traders can gain valuable experience without the fear of financial loss. However, the downside is that while it eliminates risk, it cannot replicate the emotional dynamics of real-money trading, which can significantly affect decision-making and trading behavior when actual funds are at stake.

Crypto Trend Following

Trend following is a strategy that aims to capitalize on momentum by buying assets that have been trending upward and selling those trending downward. It offers the potential for significant profitability, particularly in robust trending markets.

Traders following trends can benefit from extended price movements. However, the strategy comes with a caveat. During market reversals or when trends suddenly shift, trend followers may incur substantial losses. Timing is crucial, and recognizing trend reversals can be challenging.

Crypto Momentum Trading

Momentum trading relies on news releases or strong trending patterns in the market. Traders quickly jump onto a rapidly moving price train, hoping to ride it a bit further before it slows down.

This strategy can offer the potential for quick and significant gains when accurately timed, particularly during moments of market enthusiasm. However, it requires swift decision-making and execution, which can be stressful. Momentum trading also carries the risk of rapid losses if the momentum unexpectedly shifts or reverses, highlighting the importance of staying well-informed about market conditions and news.

Prop Firm Crypto Trading

Crypto proprietary or “prop” firms are a relatively recent development in the world of cryptocurrency trading. They offer a unique opportunity for traders to access substantial capital and advanced trading tools by allowing them to trade the firm's capital. In this arrangement, traders are entrusted with the responsibility of executing trades on behalf of the firm, effectively leveraging the firm's financial resources.

Prop firms often have specific trading strategies, risk management protocols, and performance expectations that traders must adhere to while executing trades. In return for their services, traders receive a portion of the profits generated from their trading activities. While common in the traditional finance world. Crypto prop trading firms are just upcoming, such as the acclaimed Alvatix.

Advantages of Prop Firm Crypto Trading:

Access to Significant Capital: One of the primary advantages of prop firm crypto trading is the access to substantial capital that traders may not have at their disposal individually. This capital allows traders to execute large-scale crypto trades that may not be feasible individually.

Advanced Tools and Infrastructure: Prop firms typically equip traders with state-of-the-art trading tools, sophisticated algorithms, research resources, and cutting-edge technology. This advanced infrastructure enhances a trader's ability to analyze markets, execute trades swiftly, and implement complex strategies effectively.

Potential for High Earnings: The compensation structure in proprietary trading aligns trader incentives with the profitability of the firm. As traders share in the profits generated from their trading activities, those who consistently perform well have the potential to earn substantial income. This potential for high earnings is particularly appealing to experienced and successful traders.

It's worth noting that the emergence of crypto prop trading firms reflects the growing significance and popularity of crypto as tradable assets. Traders interested in crypto prop trading should be aware that these firms often have specific trading strategies, risk management guidelines, and performance expectations specific to the crypto market.

As this niche industry continues to evolve, traders should carefully evaluate the terms and conditions of engagement to ensure alignment with their trading objectives, risk tolerance, and expertise.

Crypto prop trading firms offer a promising avenue for traders seeking to navigate the exciting and dynamic world of cryptocurrency trading with access to significant resources.

Trading with Signals

Trading with signals refers to the practice of utilizing cues or recommendations (alpha) generated from technical analysis, data-driven insights, or expert reviews to inform buying, selling, or holding decisions within the financial market. These signals can be particularly pivotal in the crypto market, where the volatility and vast amount of data can often be overwhelming.

Leveraging algorithmic tools can significantly elevate your trading strategy. Let's delve into understanding what trading signals are and how to use them effectively, especially when utilizing precision-engineered platforms.

Advantages of Using Trading Signals:

Efficiency and Time-Saving: The crypto market can be overwhelming. Using trading signals can streamline your decision-making process.

Precision: With tools like Alvatix, signals are generated with high precision, optimizing the chances of successful trades. It goes beyond intuition.

Comprehensive Data Analysis: Advanced tools like Alvatix integrate AI and ML algorithms to navigate the vast ocean of crypto data. It rigorously analyzes extensive datasets—such as on-chain metrics, technical indicators, labeled wallets, and critical exchange order flow metrics.

Reduced Emotional Trading: Trading based on emotion or gut feeling can often lead to losses. Signals give a logical basis for trades.

Learning Tool: Understanding why a particular signal has been generated can be an educational experience.

6. Where to Trade Crypto?

In the expansive world of crypto, choosing the right platform for trading is crucial. Broadly, crypto exchanges can be categorized into two types: Centralized Exchanges (CEXs) and Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs).

Centralized Exchanges (CEXs) operate similarly to traditional stock exchanges but for cryptocurrencies. They are managed by centralized organizations, offering a platform where users can trade their cryptocurrencies against fiat currencies or other digital assets. Some of the prominent CEXs include:

Bybit: A rapidly growing platform, Bybit is best known for its derivatives and futures trading, making it a preferred choice for traders looking to utilize leverage.

WOO X: An emergent player in the world of centralized exchanges, WOO X is recognized for its competitive trading fees.

OKX: OKX offers a comprehensive trading environment with a wide array of financial products, from spot trades to futures contracts.

Binance: Arguably the world's largest and most comprehensive crypto exchange, Binance offers a vast array of coins, trading pairs, and financial products.

Coinbase: Renowned for its user-friendly interface, Coinbase is an ideal platform for beginners. It also became the first major crypto company to be publicly listed.

Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs), on the other hand, are entirely on-chain and facilitate peer-to-peer trades, removing intermediaries. Transactions on DEXs are executed by smart contracts on blockchain platforms. Some popular DEXs include:

Uniswap: Built on the Ethereum blockchain, Uniswap is one of the pioneering and most popular DEXs available, facilitating automated transactions between cryptocurrency pairs.

SushiSwap: Initially a fork of Uniswap, SushiSwap has carved its niche, offering unique features and a governance token.

PancakeSwap: A DEX on the Binance Smart Chain (BSC), PancakeSwap is acclaimed for low transaction fees and a varied ecosystem of yield farming and staking options.

While both CEXs and DEXs offer platforms to trade crypto, the choice between them boils down to individual preferences concerning control, security, and user experience. Centralized platforms might offer faster trades, better liquidity, and customer support, but they require users to trust the platform's security.

Conversely, DEXs offer more control over one's funds and increased privacy but may have a steeper learning curve and might not offer the same depth of liquidity as their centralized counterparts.

Always conduct your research and due diligence before committing to any platform.

7. Concluding Tips for Successful Crypto Trading

Embarking on your crypto trading journey can be both exhilarating and daunting. As we draw to the end of this guide, here are some concluding tips to bolster your chances of success in the crypto market:

Continuous Learning: The crypto world is in a constant state of evolution. Commit to lifelong learning. Regularly update yourself with the latest trends, technologies, and regulations.

Diversify Your Portfolio: Avoid placing all your funds into a single cryptocurrency. Diversifying can help spread risk, ensuring that even if one asset underperforms, others might compensate for the loss.

Understand Your Risk Appetite: Determine how much you're willing to lose and set trading boundaries. Implementing stop-losses and take-profit points can help automate this risk management.

Stay Updated: Given the volatile nature of cryptocurrencies, it’s essential to stay updated with global news that might influence the market. Geopolitical events, regulatory changes, and technological advancements can drastically impact prices.

Use Reliable Tools: Tools like Alvatix provide invaluable insights and actionable signals based on extensive data analysis. Relying on trusted platforms can significantly improve your decision-making process.

Avoid Emotional Decisions: The market can be a rollercoaster of emotions, from the euphoria of a bull run to the anxiety of a bear market. Make decisions based on research and data, not emotions.

Secure Your Investments: Utilize cold wallets, enable two-factor authentication, and regularly update and back up your software to safeguard against hacks and thefts.

Practice Before Investing: Many platforms offer demo accounts where you can practice trading without real money. This can be an invaluable tool to understand market dynamics without the risk.

Stay Connected: Engage with the crypto community. Forums, social media platforms, and discussion groups can be excellent resources for insights, advice, and new perspectives.

Always Review and Adjust: Periodically assess your trading strategies and performance. What worked a month ago might not be effective today. Be adaptable and open to change.


In conclusion, successful crypto trading isn't about making the perfect move; it's about consistent growth, learning from mistakes, and adapting to the ever-changing landscape. Equip yourself with knowledge, remain patient, and always prioritize security. The world of crypto offers immense opportunities, and with these tips in hand, you're better prepared to seize them.